Over the years, many famous telescopes have helped to shape the field of astronomy as we know it today. Telescopes are made famous for several good reasons. Quite a few telescopes are well known for newer and superior products.
Listed below are some of the more prominent telescopes we recognize today.
The Hubble Space Telescope is just about the most famous and well-known of all telescopes, a 2.4 meter telescope located in space. Deployed on April 25, 1990, the Hubble Telescope is a giant observatory aboard a spacecraft. It can make observations of the universe using visible, near-ultraviolet and near-infrared light spectra above the filtering effect of earth's atmosphere.
Because of its capacity to capture faint light in fine detail, and the precision of its observations, the Hubble Space Telescope is rapidly increasing astronomers knowledge of the cosmos.
In August of 2003, the Spitzer Space Telescope was launched into space by a Delta rocket launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
The Spitzer’s mission is to obtain images and spectra by detecting the infrared energy, or heat, radiated by objects in space between wavelengths of 3 and 180 microns (1 micron is one-millionth of a meter).
Most of this infrared radiation is blocked by the Earth's atmosphere and cannot be observed from the ground.
The Isaac Newton Telescope was originally placed in Sussex, England, but now is located on the Canary Islands. It is a 2.5 meter optical telescope originally constructed in 1967 and has provided many amazing pictures of space.
The Keck Observatory is home for two of the largest optical telescopes in the world called the Keck Telescopes. It is located at the summit of Mauna Kea in Hawaii. These telescopes are famous not only for their size but because their sensors are controlled by advanced computer technologies that allow for precise observations with little interference.
The Hale Telescope is a 200 inch optical telescope located in Washington and is famous mainly because it was very successful in leading to the rapid advance in understanding of the scale of the Universe and advancing telescope technology to what it is today.
The James Webb Space Telescope is one of the next generation of space telescopes and is the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope. The scheduled launch date is 2013.
The Large Binocular Telescope or LBT is the world's most powerful optical telescope. It will allow scientists to view planets and stars in our galaxy.
There are many other famous telescopes, and all of them are important in the field of astronomy in their own unique ways. Without them, we wouldn’t have any idea about the vastness of the world beyond the Earth and into space.
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